Project Description

Enrique “Sebastian” Carbajal

b. 1947, Ciudad Camargo, Chihuahua, Mexico

Born Enrique Carbajal González in 1947, early in his career he adopted the pseudonym Sebastián after the painting of Saint Sebastian by Botticelli. He is best known for his monumental sculptures in steel and concrete in urban settings, of which he has done over 200 in various parts of the world. A self-taught artist, Sebastián is also a person of science. His extraordinary ability to confront mathematical abstractions and geometric relationships and resolve and transform them into 3-dimensional works of art has captivated audiences for more than 4 decades. He approaches art with the understanding that geometry is not something inherent in nature, it is some-thing the mind imposes on nature. Because he is an artist, Sebastián, doesn’t subject his geometries to logic, but to that of poetry.

Sebastián has received many awards and honors, including being inducted as an honorary member of the Royal Academy of Art, The Hague, the Academia Nacional de las Artes, and the Legion de Honor Nacional de Mexico; as well as having received honorary doctorates from the Universidad de la Laguna in Torreon, the Universidad Autonoma de Chihuahua, City College of New York, the Universidad Autonoma de Colima, and the Universidad Metropolitana. His work is included in the permanent collections of Modern Art Museum, Mexico City, Mexico; Modern Art Museum, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Hakone Open Air Museum, Hakone, Japan; The Albuquerque Museum, Albuquerque, NM; Contemporary Art Museum of the University of Sao Paolo, Brazil; Osaka Foundation of Culture, Osaka, Japan; among many others. He has also completed and installed monumental public artworks all over the world.

EDUCATION
San Carlos Academy, National School of Plastic Arts of the National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico

SELECTED HONORS AND AWARDS
2008 Doctorate honoris causa awarded by the Colima University, Colima, Mexico
2008 National award Eight Columns of Gold Diary Ocho Columnas Zapopan, Jalisco, México
2008 Honorary Doctorate awarded by the New York City College University, New York, NY
2006 Tribute and medal from the School of Law, UNAM. Mexico City, Mexico
2006 Juarez in the XXI century. Member of the Bicentennial Celebration festivities
2006 Alcalde (Honorary Mayor) of the city of la Villita, City of San Antonio, TX
2005 Jerusalem Award of the Zionist Federation of Mexico and the City of Jerusalem, Israel
2005 Acknowledgement by the MERCOSUR Cultural Parliament (PARCUM) Mexico City, Mexico
2003 Honorary Doctorate awarded by the University of La Laguna, Torreon, Coahuila, Mexico
2003 Guest of Honor at the Art Biennial of Beijing, China
2002 Guest of the International Sculpture Symposium, Beijing, China
1998 Received the General Angel Trías Alvarez medal from the Society of Historical Studies of Chihuahua, Chihuahua, Mexico.
1998 Inducted into the National Legion of Honor of Mexico
1998 Kinki Nippon Railway Prize, Osaka Sculpture Triennial, Osaka, Japan
1998 Lifetime Achievement Award (granted by RGI Global Marketing for his contribution to culture at the special event entitled Tribute to Mexico, Detroit, MI
1997 Moquette-awards, The Fifth Kajima Sculpture Contest. Tokyo, Japan
1996 A stamp is issued with the theme “Tribute to Sebastian, 30 years as a Plastic Artist”, Mexico City, Mexico
1995  Kinki Nippon Railway Prize, Osaka Sculpture Triennial Osaka, Japan
1995 Sole prize in the competition to create a sculpture for the sports center in the city of Kadoma, Japan
1994 Special guest of the World Economic Forum, Davos, Switzerland
1993 Mainichi Broadcasting System Award of the International Painting Triennial of Osaka, Japan
1992 Sun Shell prize awarded by the Higher Institute of Architecture and Industrial Design of the University of Chihuahua, Mexico
1992 Prize awarded by the panel of judges at the International Graphic Arts Triennial of Norway
1992 AORC 2000 Grand Prize & Gold Prize, Osaka City, Japan
1992 Silver Prize at the Osaka ’92 Sculpture Triennial, Osaka, Japan
1991 Founding Member of the World Arts Forum, Geneva, Switzerland.
1991 Represents Mexico at the Symposium and Workshop on Sculpture in Ibero-America and the Caribbean, Santiago de Chile, Chile
1990 Bronze Award of the ABC Ashi Broadcasting Corporation, Osaka, Japan
1990 Bronze Prize of the International Painting Triennial, Osaka, Japan
1990 Resident artist at Dartmouth College, Hannover, NH
1987 Superior Prize of the Henry Moore Competition, Tribute Awarded by the Hakone Open Air Museum, Japan
1985 Tomás Valles Vivar prize, Arts Section, Chihuahua, Mexico
1984 Prize awarded by the panel of judges of the International Graphic Arts Biennial of Norway
1983 Gala event organized in his honor by the Red Rocks Community College, Red Rocks, CO
1981 First prize in the Monument to Mexican Nationality, National Sculpture Competition organized by the Departments of Public Education and of Human Settlements and Public Works and the National Institute of Anthropology and History, Mexico
1974 First prize in the First Art Biennial of Morelia, Michoacán, Mexico
1967 First prize of the 2nd Annual Furniture and Sculpture Exhibition of the National School of Plastic Arts of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (ENAP)
1965 First prize in the Annual Competition organized by the National School of Plastic Arts of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (ENAP)

SELECTED PUBLIC COLLECTIONS
The Museum of Drawers, Bern, Switzerland
Modern Art Museum, Mexico City, Mexico
Modern Art Museum, of Jerusalem, Israel
Modern Art Museum, Río de Janeiro, Brazil
Vandusen Garden, Vancouver, Canada
Morelia Cultural Center, Michoacán, Mexico
Rufino Tamayo Museum, Mexico City, Mexico
Museum of Outdoor Arts, Englewood, Colorado, United States
Window South Collection, Menlo Park, California, United States
Hakone Open Air Museum, Hakone, Japan
Pape Library Museum, Monclova, Coahuila, Mexico
The Albuquerque Museum, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States
Querétaro Art Museum, Querétaro, Mexico
Stock Exchange, Mexico City, Mexico
Toluca Art Museum, Mexico State, Mexico
Contemporary Art Museum of the University of Sao Paolo, Brazil
Latin American Cultural Center, Montevideo, Uruguay
Mexican Embassy in Lisbon, Portugal
Annex of the School of Engineering, UNAM, Mexico City, Mexico
University Cultural Center, UNAM, Mexico City, Mexico
University Science and Art Museum, UNAM, Mexico City, Mexico
Campus of the National Autonomous University of Mexico
School of Engineering, National Autonomous University of Mexico.
José Luis Cuevas Museum, Mexico City, Mexico
College of Civil Engineers, Mexico City, Mexico
Autonomous Metropolitan University, Mexico City, Mexico
ITESM, Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico
Autonomous University of Nuevo León
Osaka Foundation of Culture, Osaka, Japan
ORC City, Osaka, Japan
Kyose City, Tokyo, Japan
SWAB Collection, Switzerland
Latin American Memorial, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Los Pinos Presidential Residence, Mexico City, Mexico
Mexico Square, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Nagoya City, Japan
Mexico Center, Lisbon, Portugal
Modern Art Museum, Egypt
Sebastian Museum, “Casa Siglo XIX”, Chihuahua, Chihuahua, Mexico
Vladimir Cora Museum, Acaponeta, Nayarit, Mexico
Modern Art Museum, Caracas, Venezuela
Modern Art Museum, Bogotá, Colombia
Sebastian Sculpture Museum, Colima, Colima, Mexico

SELECTED MONUMENTAL PUBLIC SCULPTURES
Garden of the Tabachines, Guanajuato Cultural Forum, Guanajuato, Guanajuato, Mexico
Faculty of Laws, UNAM, Mexico City, Mexico
Assilah, Marruecos
Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico
Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico
Torreon, Coahuila, Mexico
Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico
Diudad Nezahulacoyotl, Estado de Mexico
Alcala, Spain
Valle de Mexico University, Mexico City, Mexico
Olympic Park, Villahermosa, Tabasco, Mexico
Tourist Development in Litibu, Nayarit, Mexico
Sebastian Museum in Colima, Colima, Mexico
National Institute of Genomic Medicine, Mexico City, Mexico
Medica Sur Hospital, Mexico City, Mexico
Chihuahua, Mexico
University of La Laguna, Torreon, Coahuila, Mexico
Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
Plaza de la Radio, Mexico City, Mexico
National Autonomous University of Mexico, San Antonio, TX
Fonatur Corporation, Mexico City, Mexico
Exposition in Paris, Paris, France
Plaza de la Sorbona, Paris, France
International Sculpture Park, Beijing, China
Colima, Mexico
Puebla, Mexico
Autonomous University of Queretaro, Queretaro, Mexico
Chetumal, Quintana Roo, Mexico
Omiya-cho, Nara City, Japan
Mexico City, Mexico
San Antonio, TX
Manzanillo, Colima, Mexico
Sandy Mount Strand, Dublin, Ireland
Veracruz, Mexico
Autofin Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
Bosque Real Country Club, Huizquilucan, Mexico
Kanzai Gandai University, Osaka, Japan
Monclava, Coahuila, Mexico
Dynasty Residential, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico
Entrance to the City of Colima, Colima, Mexico
Isla Mujeres, Quintana Roo, Mexico
Fonatur Development, Istapa-Zihuatanejo, Guerrero, Mexico
Fonatur Development, Huatulco, Oaxaca, Mexico
Fonatur Development, Los Cabos, San Jose del Cabo, Baja California Sur, Mexico
Rock Garden Park, Bellingham, WA
Guanajuato, Mexico
Santiago Tianguistengo, Mexico
Elektra Group, Insurgentes Sur, Mexico City, Mexico
Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
Pinacotheque of Nuevo Leon, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico
Vladimir Cora Museum, Nayarit, Mexico
Teleton Children’s Rehabilitation Center, Mexico
Fonatur Development, Cancun, Quintana Roo, Mexico
Juarez, Mexico
Tabasco 2000 Planetarium, Viillahermosa, Tabasco, Mexico
Fundidora Park, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico
GTE Data Services, Mexico City, Mexico
Aguascalientes, Mexico
University of Chihuahua, Chihuahua, Mexico
Chetumal, Quintana Roo, Mexico
Osaka Foudnation of Culture, Osaka, Japan
Postal Palace, Mexico City, Mexico
Pisgat Zeev, Jerusalem, Israel
Imperial Palace, Tokyo, Japan
Pink Zone, Mexico City, Mexico
Aula Magna Library, Autonomous University of Nuevo Leon, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico
Entrance to the City of Chihuahua, Mexico
Nanihaya Dome, Kadoma, Osaka, Japan
Royal Zona Rosa Hotel, Mexico City, Mexico
Salvador Zubiran National Nutrition Institute, Mexico City, Mexico
Library of the Annex of the School of Engineering, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
Vina del Mar, Chile
Mexican Health Foundation, Mexico City, Mexico
University of Colima, Colima, Mexico
Santa Helena Island, Montreal, Canada
Sebastian Sculpture Park, Mexico City, Mexico
ITESM, Mexico State Campus, Mexico
K2 Esplanade, Eulalia Guzman, Mexico City, Mexico
American Airlines, International Airport, Mexico City, Mexico
Train Station, Sakai, Japan
World Trade Center Building, Mexico City, Mexico
ORC-200, Osaka, Japan
Kiose, Tokyo, Japan
Fiesta Americana Hotel, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico
Seguros Monterrey, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
Mexico Square, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Modern Art Museum, Nagoya, Japan
Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, Mexico
Children’s Museum, Mexico City, Mexico
Siglo XXI National Medical Center, Mexico City, Mexico
Nassau, Bahamas
Royal Pedregal Hotel, Mexico City, Mexico
Latin American Memorial, Sao Paolo, Brazil
Hafnarfirdi, Islandia
Belize
Patricios Bank, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Santiago de Chile, Chile
Osaka Golf Club, Osaka, Japan
Santa Fe, NM
Santa Fe College, Santa Fe, NM
Albuquerque Museum, Albuquerque, NM
Sheraton Hotel, Cancun, Quintana Roo, Mexico
Valle de Bravo, Mexico
Obido, Portugal
Attorney General’s Office, Mexico City, Mexico
University Cultural Center, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
Tepeyac Commercial Center, Mexico City, Mexico
National Public Health Center, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
Modern Art Museum, Toluca, Mexico
Israelite Sport Center, Mexico City, Mexico
Toluca Cultural Center, Toluca, Mexico
Monterrey-Saltillo Highway, Nuevo Leon, Mexico
Enrique Ramirez y Ramirez Cultural Center, Venustiano Carranza Political District, Mexico City, Mexico
Suburban American Company, Dallas, TX
Kanazawa, Japan
Olympic Swimming Pool Esplanade, Benito Juarez Political District, Mexico City, Mexico
Colonnade Center, Denver, CO
UAM Azcapotzalco, Mexico City, Mexico
Vandusen Garden, Vancouver, Canada
Eugenia Housing Unit, Mexico City, Mexico
College of Civil Engineers, Mexico City, Mexico

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY
“La obra Monumental de Sebastian”, A.M. Editores, Hong Kong, China. 2005
“Geometría Emocional de Sebastian”, Editorial Turner, Madrid, Spain, 2004
“Sebastian según Francisco Martín Moreno”, Editorial Aguilar, Mexico City Mexico. 2004.
“Geometría Emocional de Sebastian”, Offset Rebosan, Mexico City, Mexico 2004.
“Sebastian ante la Crítica, Antología de Textos II”, Taller Sebastian / Turner, Selection by René Avilés Fabila, Editorial Turner, Madrid, Spain 2004.
“Puerta del Camino Real de Colima”, Sebastian Foundation and Colima State Government, Editorial Pandora, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. 2002
Puerta del Camino Real de Sebastian, Pinacoteca 2001 Editores, Emilio Carballido, Miguel Angel Echegaray, Paco Ignacio Taibo I, Griselda Alvarez Ponce de León, Mexico City, Mexico, 2001.
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Coordinación de Difusión Cultural Casa del Lago Dirección General de Publicaciones y Fomento Editorial. 2001
Voces de la Cultura Mexicana, Bladimir Villegas García, Ediciones Tintanueva, 2001, Mexico City, Mexico.
Sebastian, Cultural Crusade, Gaceta Dictamen, Senado de la República. Mexico. 2000-1999.
Mexico Mosique, Portraits d`objets avec ville, Cristine Frérot, Editions Autrement Paris, 2000.
Mexico Mosaïque, Portraits D’objets avec ville, Éditions Autrement-collection, Conaculta, Fonca, Monde HSNº 121, Paris, France, 2000.
Sebastián a las Puertas del Paraíso, Noriega Editores, Mexico City, Mexico.
El Arte en la Calle Casa del Tiempo Vol. II, Era III, No. 15, Mexico City 2000.
Revista Gente Bien Vol. 2, No. 15, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico, 2000.
Saturnina de Sebastián, Pinacoteca 2000 Editores, Andrés Henestrosa, J.J. Beljon, Victor Sandoval, Victor Hugo Rascón Banda, Mexico City, 2000.
La Geometría Sensual de Sebastián, Lili Kassner. Circulo de Arte, National Council for Culture and the Arts, 2000.

 

Mexico News Network: Monumental Artwork all over the World
The monumental sculptures of renowned Mexican artist Sebastian have created iconic hotspots all over the world. Mathematics and kinetics are at the core of every piece he makes. Sebastian has achieved fame through several disciplines, from his primary medium in, to sculpture and fashion design. 

 

The San Diego Untion Tribune: Tijuana Sculpture Planned on U.S. Border
At a press conference on April 22, 2014, famed Mexican artist Sebastian unveiled plans for a monumental new sculpture. The aptly named Puerta de las Americas (Door to the Americas) is a projected to be installed at Tijuana’s El Chaparral port of entry. Looming 160 feet in the air, the sculpture will brim with symbolism from Mexico’s Aztec roots. 

The renowned Mexican sculptor transcends more than just national boundaries – his current work transcends the boundaries of space and time, creating art that, at least in (quantum) theory, describes more dimensions than we can see. Sebastián’s ongoing quest for new knowledge is evident in his synthesis of art, technology, geometry and the physical sciences.

 

“Sebastián’s geometry differs because it’s processed through the quantum world,” art critic Nancy Moyer wrote for the McAllen, Texas, Monitor. “He created sculptures through a blended process of his imagination, quantum geometry, and 3-D computer design.”

 

Sebastián was born Enrique Carbajal in Santa Rosalía de Camargo, Chihuahua, in 1947. By 1968, he was exhibiting a solo show of ceramic works at the Juárez Museum of Art. His 1970s-breakthrough series of cardboard works, “Desplegables” (“Folders”), and plastic “Transformables,” became the basis for future monumental sculptures. His enormous monuments in concrete and steel are found around the world, from Mexico City to Japan, Switzerland and Argentina.

 

In the early 1990s, the artist’s research led him to develop the “Cultivated Sculptures” series, which explores the concept of fractals and chaos theory, unifying art, science and technology. His more recent “Quantic” and “Parallel Universes” series explore Calabi-Yau manifolds, a shape that quantum mathematicians use to describe as many as 10 dimensions.

 

The Fundación Cultural Sebastián was founded in 1997 with Sebastián as first president as a non-governmental cultural organization to promote Mexican cultural values, especially the arts. It has hosted exhibitions by young artists, concerts, dance recitals, visual arts and literary events and more. It also promotes techniques to preserve artworks to avoid their loss in the future because of expensive renovation work. It also sponsors several artistic competitions on the national level as well throughout Mexico.

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